Clinical Research

  1. Open-label placebo treatment for cancer-related fatigue: A randomized-controlled clinical trial  Scientific Reports (2018)
  2. Learned Immunosuppressive placebo responses in renal transplant patients  PNAS (2018)
  3. Certainty of genuine treatment increases drug responses in intellectualy disabled patients Neurology (2017)
  4. Open-label placebo treatment in chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial   PAIN (2016)    
  5. Placebo Effects in Medicine.  New England Journal of Medicine (2015)
  6. Altered placebo and drug labeling changes the outcome of episodic migraine attacks.  Science Translational Medicine (2014)
  7. Active albuterol or placebo, sham acupuncture, or no intervention in asthmaNew England Journal of Medicine (2011)
  8. Placebos without deception: A randomized controlled trial in irritable bowel syndromePLoS One (2010)
  9. Components placebo effect: Randomised controlled trial in patients with irritable bowel syndromeBMJ (2008)
  10. Sham device v inert pill: Randomised controlled trial of two placebo treatmentsBMJ (2006)

Basic Science Research

  1. Network analysis of the genomic basis of the placebo effect  JCI INsight (2017)
  2. Genetics and the placebo effect: the placebome. Trends in Molecular Medicine (2015)
  3. Classical conditioning of analgesic and hyperalgesic pain responses without conscious awarenessPNAS (2015)
  4. A neural mechanism for nonconscious activation of conditioned placebo and nocebo responses. Cerebral Cortex (2014)
  5.  Sharing pain and relief: neural correlates of physicians during treatment of patients. Molecular Psychology (2013)
  6. Catechol-O-Methyltransferase val158met Polymorphism Predicts Placebo Effect in Irritable Bowel sy-ndrome. PLoS ONE (2012)
  7. Nonconscious activation of placebo and nocebo pain responses. PNAS (2012)
  8. A functional magnetic resonance imaging study on the neural mechanisms of hyperalgesic nocebo effectJournal of Neuroscience (2008)
  9. Brain activity associated with expectancy-enhanced placebo analgesia as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of Neuroscience (2006)

Social Science Research

  1. Placebo studies and ritual theory: A comparative analysis of Navajo, acupuncture and biomedical healingPhil. Trans. R. Soc. B (2011)
  2. Scientific tools, fake treatments, or triggers for psychological healing: How clinical trial participants conceptualise placebos Social Science and Medicine (2012)
  3. ‘Maybe I made up the whole thing’’: Placebos and patients’ experiences in a randomized controlled trialCulture, Medicine and Psychiatry (2009)
  4. Patient and practitioner influences on the placebo effect in irritable bowel syndrome. Psychosomatic Medicine (2009)
  5. Which patients improve: Characteristics increasing sensitivity to a supportive patient–practitioner relationship. Social Science and Medicine (2009)

Theoretical, Methodological, and Philosophical Analyses

  1. Open label placebo: can honestly prescribed placebos evoke meaningful therapeutic benefits?  BMJ (2018)
  2. Symptom perception, placebo effects, and the Bayesian brain.  PAIN (2018).
  3. Open-label placebo: reflections on a research agendaPerspectives in Biology and Medicine.  (2018).
  4. The placebo effect: Illness and interpersonal healing. Perspectives in Biology and Healing (2009)
  5. The placebo effect in alternative medicine: Can the performance of a healing ritual have clinical significance?   Annals of Internal Medicine (2002)
  6. Do medical devices have enhanced placebo effects?  Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (2000)
  7. Powerful placebo: The dark side of the randomised controlled trialLancet (1998)
  8. Placebo effect studies are susceptible to response bias and other types biases.  Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (2011)
  9. Effect of interpretive bias on research evidenceBMJ (2008).
  10. The double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial: Gold standard or golden calf?   Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (2001)

Bioethical Analyses

  1. Informed consent and clinical trials: where is the placebo effect?  BMJ (2017)
  2. Are open-label placebos ethical?  Informed consent and ethical equivocations Bioethics (2016)
  3. Informed consent and placebo effects: A content analysis of information leaflets to identify what clinical trial participants are told about placebos. PLoS ONE (2012)
  4. To Tell the Truth, the Whole Truth, May Do Patients Harm: The Problem of the Nocebo Effect for Informed Consent.  The American Journal of Bioethics (2012)
  5. Deception of subjects in neuroscience: An ethical analysisJournal of Neuroscience (2008)
  6. Sham procedures and the three ethics of clinical trials.  Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine (2004)

Historical Analyses

  1. Placebos in 19th century medicine: a quantitative analysis of the BMJ.  BMJ (2012)
  2. Placebo controls, exorcisms, and the devil.  Lancet (2009)
  3. Unbiased divination, unbiased evidence, and the patulin clinical trial. International Journal of Epidemiology (2004)
  4. Intentional ignorance: A history of blind assessment and placebo controls in medicine. Bulletin of the History of Medicine (1998)


  1. Rewiring the primary somatosensory cortex in carpal tunnel syndrome with acupuncture. BRAIN (2017)
  2. The case of acupuncture for chronic low back pain. SPINE (2011)
  3. Recent clinical trials of acupuncture in the West: responses from the practitionersChinese Journal of Integrative Medicine (2010)
  4. Acupuncture trials and informed consent.  Journal of Medical Ethics (2007)
  5. Patient characteristics for outpatient acupuncture in Beijing, ChinaJournal of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2004)
  6. Acupuncture: Theory, efficacy, and practice.  Annals of Internal Medicine (2002)


  1. Varieties of healing. 1: Medical pluralism in the United StatesAnnals of Internal Medicine (2001)
  2. Varieties of healing. 2: A taxonomy of unconventional healing practicesAnnals of Internal Medicine (2001)
  3. The persuasive appeal of alternative medicineAnnals of Internal Medicine (1998)
  4. Chriopractic: Origins, controversies, and contributions.  Archives of Internal Medicine (1998)